By: Maged Taman
When you read the Quran even in another language you pose the question to yourself is the author of the Quran is God? Muslims who were born Muslims most of them have no second thoughts they know it is from God. They may not analyze it why but they know it is from God. It is like watching the TV they know it is a great invention and they know it is real though they do not know how it works.
As Muslims get more sophisticated they started to analyse how it works and why people accepted over centuries the Quran. Those who barely read or do not read or write and those who are very sophisticated and highly educated, all those Muslims believe the Quran is the book of God. I will list here these thoughts why Muslims believe the author of Quran is God:
1- The dual speech: God speech to us in the Quran is telling facts or statements on verses and talking to us directly on other verses to all of us, Muhammad, Muslims, Jews, Christians. In order to understand that let me speak to you in this way "in the day times Maged goes to work and at nights Maged works on his computer, I would like all of you to know that". It sounds silly since the fact I mentioned about my life not that important or surprising. Besides, you would tell me just say I. And to speak directly again to you to emphasis it is not even worse doing it. For God the dual speech is very logical and wise. He can say God or Allah it is glorious to talk about himself and more glorious is to turn and talk to us directly, examine these verses:
95:4 We have indeed created man in the best of moulds,
95:5 Then do We abase him (to be) the lowest of the low
95:6 Except such as believe and do righteous deeds: For they shall have a reward unfailing.
95:7 Then what can, after this, contradict thee, as to the judgment (to come)?
As you read through it: verses 95:4,5,6 are facts that God is telling, while the verse 95:7 God turns to us and speak directly to tell us another fact pose it as question. So he makes you feel it is speech and not story telling and he turns to you every now and then to get your attention. When you read the Quran with this dual speech in your mind you will enjoy it and you will also feel it is a living text. It also takes Muhammad (PBUH) out of the picture he is like you and me an audience, He is the messenger that delivered the message to your home. Though God talk to him specifically in some of the verses in most part it is direct speech to all of us and him. When he use the word say in most part it is for him and us.
2- The Fatra: which is an Arabic world means the inner instinct that we born with. It is like the baby who smiles when you make funny voices. It is as innocent as his smile we have the same fatra we are born to seek God. Quran describes this fatra in us well and assert it in the verse:
13:28 those who believe, and whose hearts find their rest in the remembrance of God - for, verily, in the remembrance of God [men's] hearts do find their rest-:
So God who created us reminds us of this fatra. Who will know us more that the creator.
3- The Confirmation: God asserted he is the author of the Quran and this what you expect from God to be the best witness to the truth.
2:2 THIS DIVINE WRIT - let there be no doubt about it is [meant to be] a guidance for all the God-conscious.
4- The Dual Perception: God invites us to think with our minds and feel with our hearts his message of the Quran. That is what you expect God to do he wants you both mentally and spiritually to recognize him.
22:54 And [God renders Satan’s aspersions null and void] so that they who are endowed with [innate] knowledge might know that this [divine writ] is the truth from thy Sustainer, and that they aught believe in it, and that their hearts might humbly submit unto Him. For, behold, God does guide onto a straight way those who have attained to faith.
5- The Perfect God: God described himself in the Quran by great names and attributes that is above any religious book. You do not any weakness he is the same strong God of the old testament. and the revelation in the new testament.
59:24 He is Allah, the Creator, the Evolver, the Bestower of Forms (or Colours). To Him belong the Most Beautiful names: whatever is in the heavens and on earth, doth declare His Praises and Glory: and He is the Exalted in Might, the Wise. -
6- The All Knowing God: not only man but all creatures he knows its sustenance, expiration and deposition.
11:6 And there is no living creature on earth but depends for its sustenance on God; and He knows its time-limit [on earth] and its resting-place [after death]:
7- The Complete Faith: God as the author of the Quran requires our worship, life and death all for him. This is again typical of our fitrah that if he is God talking to us in the Quran will have our lives devoted to him.
6:162 Say: "Behold, my prayer, and (all] my acts of worship, and my living and my dying are for God [alone], the Sustainer of all the worlds,
8- The Matrix: God as the author is not writing to us a history book or scientific book. It is not a book of law or creed alone. It is all of that and more. As you expect it, independent verses that carry the truth placed side by side. It is more of a speech in it he talks to us proving his existence, his demand for worship, the history of prophets, the large universe, the scientific facts, the moral code and the laws. He navigate through them with authority and great ability. You make the topics yourself. It became easy now in the age of computer and it is amazing how you can gather many verses from all over the Quran and find it give you great logic. It is like the Author had made the verses of the topic first and then distributed them all over the Quran.
وَقُرْآناً فَرَقْنَاهُ لِتَقْرَأَهُ عَلَى النَّاسِ عَلَى مُكْثٍ وَنَزَّلْنَاهُ تَنزِيلاً (17:106) 17:106 (Picktall) And (it is) a quran that We have divided, that thou mayest recite it unto mankind at intervals, and We have revealed it by (successive) revelation. - English
9- The Frames: The wonderful thing about Quran is there are large amount of verses each can stand as evidence to God or expression of Wisdom that Muslims put it in large frames at their homes or work places. It is like the author knew that his verses will be in our homes and work places as they will be in our hearts. Here are few examples:
16:18 And if ye would count the favor of Allah ye cannot reckon it. Lo! Allah is indeed Forgiving, Merciful.
59:22 He is Allah, than whom there is no other God, the Knower of the invisible and the visible. He is the Beneficent, the Merciful.
64:13 Allah! There is no God save Him. In Allah, therefore, let believers put their trust.
10- The Challenge: If God is the author he would challenge us and any one to prove the opposite:
"This is indeed a Quran most honourable, a Book well-guarded...a Revelation from the Lord of the Worlds." (Quran 56:77-80)
"This Quran is not such as can be produced by anyone other than God." (10:37)
"Do they not consider (ponder over) the Quran (with care)? Had it been from other than God, they would surely have found therein discrepancies". (4:82)
11- The illiterate Prophet: the prophet did not read or write. Even if were able to read and write and had a computer at home he would still make mistakes and he would not able to find scientific facts that were proven in the future. People in fact did see him at the time of inspiration when God would sent him the verses of Quran. No one saw him thinking, studying, writing, editing, reviewing or copying the verses of Quran. There is no drafts and no second or third attempts. The words come from his mouth and that is it.
وَمَا كُنتَ تَتْلُو مِن قَبْلِهِ مِن كِتَابٍ وَلَا تَخُطُّهُ بِيَمِينِكَ إِذًا لَّارْتَابَ الْمُبْطِلُونَ (29:48) 29:48 (Picktall) And thou (O Muhammad) wast not a reader of any scripture before it, nor didst thou write it with thy right hand, for then might those have doubted, who follow falsehood.
الَّذِينَ يَتَّبِعُونَ الرَّسُولَ النَّبِيَّ الأُمِّيَّ الَّذِي يَجِدُونَهُ مَكْتُوبًا عِندَهُمْ فِي التَّوْرَاةِ وَالإِنْجِيلِ يَأْمُرُهُم بِالْمَعْرُوفِ وَيَنْهَاهُمْ عَنِ الْمُنكَرِ وَيُحِلُّ لَهُمُ الطَّيِّبَاتِ وَيُحَرِّمُ عَلَيْهِمُ الْخَبَآئِثَ وَيَضَعُ عَنْهُمْ إِصْرَهُمْ وَالأَغْلاَلَ الَّتِي كَانَتْ عَلَيْهِمْ فَالَّذِينَ آمَنُواْ بِهِ وَعَزَّرُوهُ وَنَصَرُوهُ وَاتَّبَعُواْ النُّورَ الَّذِيَ أُنزِلَ مَعَهُ أُوْلَـئِكَ هُمُ الْمُفْلِحُونَ (7:157) 7:157 (Picktall) Those who follow the messenger, the Prophet who can neither read nor write, whom they will find described in the torah and the Gospel (which are) with them. He will enjoin on them that which is right and forbid them that which is wrong. He will make lawful for them all good things and prohibit for them only the foul; and he will relieve them of their burden and the fetters that they used to wear. Then those who believe in him, and honor him and help him, and follow the light which is sent down with him: they are the successful.
12- The puzzle: the Quran was not a text in Muhammad house it was written on various objects. There were no papers to write and it did not come to him chapter by chapter but verses of different chapters and one of the chapters actually came in pieces over 10 years. The Quran was inspired over 23 years all together. It is like a puzzle it comes few verses from this chapter and then other verses from other chapter and so on. Muslims would write each time the inspired verses. After Muhammad death the Quran was actually collected and the puzzle was completed and he did not have a copy of it. Even in his life many Muslims recited and memorized all the Quran the best prove of that is many Muslims and at least hundreds of thousands memorize all the Quran today.
وَكَذَلِكَ أَوْحَيْنَا إِلَيْكَ رُوحًا مِّنْ أَمْرِنَا مَا كُنتَ تَدْرِي مَا الْكِتَابُ وَلَا الْإِيمَانُ وَلَكِن جَعَلْنَاهُ نُورًا نَّهْدِي بِهِ مَنْ نَّشَاء مِنْ عِبَادِنَا وَإِنَّكَ لَتَهْدِي إِلَى صِرَاطٍ مُّسْتَقِيمٍ (42:52) 42:52 (Y. Ali) And thus have We, by Our Command, sent inspiration to thee: thou knewest not (before) what was revelation, and what was Faith; but We have made the (Qur'an) a Light, wherewith We guide such of Our servants as We will; and verily thou dost guide (men) to the Straight Way
فَاسْتَمْسِكْ بِالَّذِي أُوحِيَ إِلَيْكَ إِنَّكَ عَلَى صِرَاطٍ مُّسْتَقِيمٍ (43:43) 43:43 (Y. Ali) So hold thou fast to the revelation sent down to thee; verily thou art on a Straight Way.
13- The Prophet Name: He was mentioned by name in the Quran only five times whereas Jesus Christ's name was mentioned 25 times. Could the Prophet go to such an extent of honouring someone more than himself if he had written the Quran? Similarly there is a chapter in the Quran entitled and dedicated to "Mary", the mother of Jesus Christ, while there is no chapter called, or dedicated to, the Prophet's own mother, Aminah, or daughter, Fatimah, nor were their names mentioned in the Quran. Could this have happened if the Prophet was the author of the Quran?
14- The critic Of the Prophet: in few verses God had criticized the prophet. You suspect if he was the author of the Quran he would not do that to himself. In this occasion in chapter 80 the prophet did not meet the blind man well since he was busy with the prominent men of Mecca trying to spread the message to them. God is very just even with his prophet he blamed Muhammad for that. Muhammad (PBUH) after this occasion would meet humbly this man and says to him you are the man God blamed me for.
عَبَسَ وَتَوَلَّى (80:1) 80:1 (Picktall) He frowned and turned away
أَن جَاءهُ الْأَعْمَى (80:2) 80:2 (Picktall) Because the blind man came unto him.
وَمَا يُدْرِيكَ لَعَلَّهُ يَزَّكَّى (80:3) 80:3 (Picktall) What could inform thee but that he might grow (in grace)
أَوْ يَذَّكَّرُ فَتَنفَعَهُ الذِّكْرَى (80:4) 80:4 (Picktall) Or take heed and so the reminder might avail him?
15- The Quran Effect: The ability of the Quran to cause Islam to spread to 1.3 billion people, to have millions of people memorize all the Quran or great portions, the translation of the Quran to most languages and the millions of copies over the years attest to its author. The transformation of the Arab at time of Muhammad (PBUH) to moral beings and the creation of great civilization.
16- The Scientific Miracles in The Quran: find in my web and Internet the details of theses miracles.
17- The default: if people had failed to prove that Muhammad is the author of Quran
1- They said crazy: his personality was very stable and the Quran is full of wisdom.
2- Poem writer: he never did write them and did not read or write.
3- He was a liar: his name before the message was the honest and trustworthy.
4- Magician: he did not do magics and the Quran convince and does not delude.
5- Possessed by Satan or Jinn: the message is that of God not of the devil.
6- He was epileptic: name another one who did that during his epileptic attack.
7- He is a good man who wants to find God: by doing so he will lie about God, read the Quran.
8- From his subconscious mind: name some one else did that I want to meet him and I will believe you. How a subconscious mind will be that very conscious to be very wise and do not make even a tiny mistake.
Thus if they proved to be unable to come with a book like the Quran or one of its chapters. By default it is from God.
وَالنَّجْمِ إِذَا هَوَى (53:1) 53:1 (Picktall) By the Star when it setteth,
مَا ضَلَّ صَاحِبُكُمْ وَمَا غَوَى (53:2) 53:2 (Picktall) Your comrade erreth not, nor is deceived;
وَمَا يَنطِقُ عَنِ الْهَوَى (53:3) 53:3 (Picktall) Nor doth he speak of (his own) desire.
إِنْ هُوَ إِلَّا وَحْيٌ يُوحَى (53:4) 53:4 (Picktall) It is naught save an inspiration that is inspired,