Modified By: Maged Taman
At the time of the revelation of the Quran 1426 years ago the Arabs were riding camels in the desert. Would you think by just looking at the sky Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) would know all of these scientific facts or the God who created the heavens is the one who sent this revelation. Take your pick and you will find even one of these verses will make you a believer (these are only some of the scientific miracles in the Quran) :
1- The Sky Is A Protecting Roof:
"We made the sky a preserved and protected roof yet still they turn away from Our Signs. (Qur'an, 21:32)
This attribute of the sky has been proved by scientific research carried out in the 20th century: The atmosphere surrounding the Earth serves crucial functions for the continuity of life. While destroying many meteors-big and small-as they approach the Earth, it prevents them from falling to Earth and harming living things.In addition, the atmosphere filters the light rays coming from space that are harmful to living things. The most striking feature of the atmosphere is that it lets only harmless and useful rays-visible light, near ultraviolet light and radio waves pass through.
2- The Heavens And Earth Were One Mass:
"Do those who disbelieve not see that the heavens and the earth were sewn together and then We unstitched them and that We made from water every living thing? So will they not believe? "(Qur'an, 21:30)
The word "ratq" translated as "sewn to" means "mixed in each, blended" in the Arabic vernacular. It is used to refer to two different substances that make up a whole. The phrase "we unstitched" is the verb "fataqa" in Arabic and implies that something comes into being by tearing apart or destroying the structure of things that are sewn to one another.
3- The Heavy Clouds:
"It is He Who shows you the lightning, striking fear and bringing hope; it is He Who heaps up the heavy clouds." (Qur'an, 13:12)
If I was alive at that time I would be reluctant to use the word heavy in something floating in the air. Just recently it was discovered that the weight of clouds can reach quite astonishing proportions. For example, a cumulonimbus cloud, commonly known as the thunder cloud, can contain up to 300,000 tons of water.
4- The Rotation Of The Earth And Movement Of Clouds:
"You will see the mountains and reckon them to be solid; but they go past like clouds-the handiwork of Allah Who gives to everything its solidity. He is aware of what you do". (Qur'an, 27:88)
Mountains move as part of the earth which spins from west to east. The cloud masses are pulled from West to East is the direction in which the Earth rotates. This scientific fact, only recently established by science.
5- Microscopic Life:
"Not even the smallest speck eludes your Lord, either on earth or in heaven. Nor is there anything smaller than that, or larger, which is not in a Clear Book." (Qur'an, 10:61)
The above verses indicate the existence of life forms unknown to people at the time of the revelation of the Qur'an. Indeed, with the discovery of the microscope, new living things too small to be seen with the naked eye have also been discovered by man.
6- Prediction That Man Will Travel To Space:
"Company of jinn and men, if you are able to pierce through the confines of the heavens and earth, pierce through them. You will not pierce through except with a clear authority". (Qur'an, 55:33)
This verse states that the earth and heaven have diameters. The atmosphere of them has diameters. They move in circles that have diameters. Moreover the Quran predicted that man will pierce through these diameters. This happened only less than 50 years ago.
7- Sequence Of Creation: Hearing, Sight and Mind:
"It is He Who has created hearing, sight and minds for you. What little thanks you show!" (Qur'an, 23:78). "Allah brought you out of your mothers' wombs knowing nothing at all, and gave you hearing, sight and minds so that perhaps you would show thanks." (Qur'an, 6:46) "We created man from a mingled drop to test him, and We made him hearing and seeing." (Qur'an, 76:2)
The above verses refer to a number of senses given to human beings by Allah. These are always referred in a specific order in the Qur'an: hearing, sight, feeling and understanding.In a paper published in the Journal of the Islamic Medical Association, Dr. Keith Moore states that during the development of the fetus, the eye begins to form after the inner ear has assumed its first form. He says the brain, the centre of feeling and understanding, begins its development after the ear and the eye.
8- The Food Cycle:
"Allah splits the seed and kernel. He brings forth the living from the dead, and produces the dead out of the living. That is Allah, so how are you misguided? "(Qur'an, 6:95)Dead plants and animals are broken down by bacteria and transformed into minerals. This organic waste absorbed into the soil constitutes the basic foodstuff of plants. This nutritional cycle is therefore of vital importance for all living things.
9- Iron Came From Outer Space:
" And We also sent down iron in which there lies great force and which has many uses for mankind… "(Qur'an, 57:25)
The word "anzalna," translated as "sent down" and used for iron in the verse. Modern astronomical findings have disclosed that the iron found in our world has come from giant stars in outer space.
10- The Expansion Of The Universe:
"And it is We Who have constructed the heaven (universe) with might, and verily, it is We Who are steadily expanding it". (Qur'an, 51:47)
At the beginning of the 20th century, the Russian physicist Alexander Friedmann and the Belgian cosmologist Georges Lemaitre theoretically calculated that the universe is in constant motion and that it is expanding. From the moment of the Big Bang, the universe has been constantly expanding at a great speed.
11- All Living Matter Are Created From Water:
"We made from water every living thing. Will they not then believe?" (The Noble Quran, 21:30)
Protoplasm is the basis of all living matter, and 'the vital power of protoplasm seems to depend on the constant presence of water' (Lowsons' Text-book of Botany, Indian Edition. London 1922, p. 23).
12- The Identity In The Fingerprint:
"Yes, We are able to put together in perfect order the very tips of his fingers." (Qur'an, 75:4)
The emphasis on fingerprints has a very special meaning. This is because shapes and details on everyone's fingerprint are unique to each individual. Every person who is alive or who has ever lived in this world has a set of unique fingerprints. Furthermore, even identical twins having the very same DNA sequence have their own set of fingerprints.
13- Creation From Hot Smoke:
"---Then He turned to heaven when it was smoke and said to it and to the earth, "Come willingly or unwillingly." They both said, "We come willingly." (Qur'an, 41:10-11)
The Arabic word for "smoke" in the above verse is "dukhanun," which describes the hot, cosmic smoke in question. This word in the Qur'an, in pinpoint fashion, describes this smoke very accurately for it is a warm body of gas containing mobile particles connected to solid substances. Here, the Qur'an has employed the most appropriate word from the Arabic language for describing the appearance of this phase of the universe. Let us note that only in the 20th century have scientists discovered that the universe emerged from a hot gas in the form of smoke.
14- Orbits And Rotating Universe:
"[I swear] by Heaven with its cyclical systems," (Qur'an, 86:11)
Naturally, at the time when the Qur'an was revealed, people had no telescopes with which to study bodies millions of kilometres away in space, advanced observation technology or our modern knowledge of physics and astronomy. It was therefore impossible to establish that space had "its oscillating orbits," (Qur'an, 51:7) as described in the verse. The Qur'an however, revealed at that time, provided clear information concerning that fact. One of the most important reasons for the great equilibrium in the universe is the fact that celestial bodies follow specific paths. Stars, planets and satellites all rotate around their own axes and also rotate together with the system of which they are a part. The universe functions within a finely-tuned order, just like the wheels in a factory.
There are more than 100 billion galaxies in the visible universe and each small galaxy contains approximately a billion stars. Furthermore, each big galaxy contains more than a trillion. 16 Many of these stars have planets and many of those planets have satellites. All these celestial bodies follow the most finely calculated paths and orbits. For millions of years, each one has been moving in its own path in flawless harmony with all the others. In addition to these, there are also a great many comets moving along in their own pre-determined paths.
In addition, the paths in the universe are not restricted to a few celestial bodies. The Solar System and even other galaxies also exhibit considerable motion around other centres. Every year, Earth, and the Solar System with it, move some 500 million km from where they were the previous year. It has been calculated that even the slightest deviation from celestial bodies' paths could have drastic consequences which might spell the end of the entire system. For example, the consequences of the earth's deviating from its course by a mere 3 mm have been described in one source as follows:
While rotating around the sun, the earth follows such an orbit that, every 18 miles, it only deviates 2.8 millimetres from a direct course. The orbit followed by the earth never changes, because even a deviation of 3 millimetres would cause catastrophic disasters: If the deviation were 2.5 mm instead of 2.8 mm, then the orbit would be very large, and all of us would freeze. If the deviation were 3.1 mm, we would be scorched to death.
15- The Sun Trajectory:
"it is He Who created night and day and the sun and moon, each one swimming in a sphere."Qur'an, 21:33)
The word "swim" in the above verse is expressed in Arabic by the word "sabaha" and is used to describe the movement of the Sun in space. The word means that the Sun does not move randomly through space but that it rotates around its axis and follows a course as it does so. The fact that the Sun is not fixed in position but rather follows a specific trajectory is also stated in another verse:
"and the sun runs to its resting place. That is the decree of the Almighty, the All-Knowing." (Qur'an, 36:38)
These facts set out in the Qur'an were only discovered by means of astronomical advances in our own time. According to astronomers' calculations, the Sun moves along a path known as the Solar Apex in the path of the star Vega at an incredible speed of 720,000 kmph. In rough terms, this shows that the Sun traverses some 17.28 million km a day. As well as the Sun itself, all the planets and satellites within its gravitational field also travel the same distance.
16- The Seas are Not Mingling With One Another:
"He has let loose the two seas, converging together, with a barrier between them they do not break through." (Qur'an, 55:19-20)
This property of the seas, that is, that they meet and yet do not intermix, has only very recently been discovered by oceanographers. Because of the physical force called "surface tension," the waters of neighbouring seas do not mix. Caused by the difference in the density of their waters, surface tension prevents them from mingling with one another, just as if a thin wall were between them.
It is interesting that, during a period when there was little knowledge of physics, and of surface tension, or oceanography, this truth was revealed in the Qur'an.
Muslims in the early era of Islam created a great civilization built on reasoning and science. The time most of these discoveries made were in the 20 centuries when the technology to discover these scientific facts in the Quran were made mostly by the west. Quran is not a book of science but of faith and to help us to strengthen our faith God gave us these knowledge in the Quran. I would guessed if the west had the Quran they would try to find or have hypothesis from verses of Quran then try to prove it. It just happened that after they found these facts Muslims told the west we found some of your modern science in the Quran and actually you made the meanings of these verses in the Quran clear to us. Could Muslims be exaggerating or making false allegation to be fair you have to examine the verses with great knowledge in Arabic and honesty to find the truth. For a lot of people finding no one scientific error without even all these scientific miracles is by default a great miracle.
Modified from: http://www.miraclesofthequran.com/