Thursday, March 28, 2013

Dreams (part 2 of 2): Dream Interpretation

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Description: The obscurity of dream interpretation in the religion of Islam.
By Aisha Stacey (© 2013 on 25 Mar 2013 - Last modified on 25 Mar 2013
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Category: Articles > Beliefs of Islam > The Six Pillars of Faith and Other Islamic Beliefs

Dreams2.jpgIn his book about dream interpretation Ibn Qutaybah says, “There is nothing in which people deal with from the different sciences that is more obscure, delicate, exalted, noble, difficult and problematic than dreams because they are a type of revelation and type of Prophethood.”
These are wise words and reflect the position of many Islamic scholars, that dreams should be interpreted by someone qualified. There are a number of problems and stumbling blocks inherent in the practice of interpreting dreams. For instance, a dream could be seen by a person but it could be for someone else.
From among the companions of Prophet Muhammad someone saw a dream for Abu Jahl[1] that he became a Muslims and pledged allegiance to Prophet. This never happened, this dream was for his son, Ikrimah who at a later date converted to Islam and pledged allegiance to the Prophet. In another example a dream was seen about Usayd bin Abil Aas becoming the governor of Mecca, this did not happen however his son ‘Attab did become the governor of Mecca.
Symbols in dreams could also be a stumbling block to the correct interpretation of dreams. Symbols in dreams might mean different things for different people. For example, a dream about a cat could evoke happy childhood memories or it could symbolise fear and pain for a person who had been attacked and scratched by a feral cat.
It is enough to recognise a dream as being good, bad or of no consequence.
a) Dreams are sometimes described as true, good or from God. What is meant by true is that they come true. What is meant by good is that they bring good news or draw attention to some mistakes that one is not aware of. What is meant by their being from God is that they happen by His grace and mercy or as warning, as glad tidings from Him, or as guidance from Him. Prophet Muhammad, may the mercy and blessings of God be upon him, said, “If anyone of you has a dream that he likes then it is from God. He should thank God for it and narrate it to others.”[2]
b) Bad dreams as those that cause grief or distress to the dreamer. These dreams are from Satan. What is meant by causing grief is that they make one sad and cause distress. What is meant by them being from Satan is that they are instilled by him in an effort to cause fear or because of his toying with the sleeper.
“Secret counsels (conspiracies) are only from Satan, in order that he may cause grief to the believers. But he cannot harm them in the least, except as God permits...” (Quran 58:10)
Satan is eager to embrace anything that causes distress, it matters not whether the person is awake or asleep, and Satan is an enemy to humankind.
“Surely, Satan is an enemy to you, so take (treat) him as an enemy...” (Quran 35:6)
Thus if one sees a bad dream, sometimes referred to as a nightmare, that causes fear, distress or unease he or she should do the following:
Firstly acknowledge that this dream is from Satan who wants only to cause grief therefore pay no heed to the dream. Secondly seek refuge with God from the accursed Satan and the evil of the dream and spit dryly to his left three times. A person should not divulge the details of a bad dream unless in a sincere effort to get advice from a suitably qualified person. In almost all cases distressing dreams should be ignored and dismissed. Turning over to the other side of the bed or getting up to pray to units of prayer are also effective ways of breaking the feeling of helplessness sometimes associated with bad dreams.
c) There are some dreams that do not fall in either of the above two categories. These dreams are called confused dreams and they stem from what one is thinking about, and from events and fears stored in the memory and the subconscious, which are then replayed during sleep. There is no interpretation of such dreams.
A clear rule about dreams is that lying about a dream is a very serious matter. Prophet Muhammad warned us that “The worst lie is that a person claims to have seen a dream which he has not seen.”[3] Perhaps a person is so anxious to have a good dream he feels compelled to make one up. This is not an acceptable practice, honesty is a value highly prized in Islam. “Those of you with the truest dreams will be those who are most truthful in speech”.[4]
The dreams of the Prophets are revelation and the dreams of people other than the Prophets must be looked at in the light of revelation (Quran and authentic traditions of Prophet Muhammad). But what about dreaming about the Prophets, particularly Prophet Muhammad? If Prophet Muhammad appears in a dream and looks as he is described in authentic traditions, we can be sure that this is a true dream and a dream of glad tidings. Prophet Muhammad said, “Whoever sees me (in a dream) then he indeed has seen the truth, as Satan cannot appear in my shape.”[5]
And what does Islam say about seeing God in a dream? Some scholars including Sheikh Ibn Taymiyah assert that it is possible to see God Himself in dreams, however he stresses that what a person sees in his dream is not what God looks like. There is nothing comparable to God therefore our minds are not capable of forming a true image.
“...There is nothing like Him, and He is the All-Hearer, the All-Seer”. (Quran 42:11)
Dreams do hold some significance in the way of life that is Islam however we must be careful not to rely too much on them or believe that they are filled with hidden messages and symbols. The great majority of dreams are a product of active, healthy mind and are not prophetic in anyway. It is also incorrect to assume that the prayer for guidance (Istikarah) should be answered with a dream. In conclusion we are able to sum up dream interpretation with the words of Ibn Sireen, the most well-known Islamic dream interpreter. On a day when asked about 100 or more different dreams, he said in answer to all the questions, “Fear God and do good whilst you are awake, and whatever you see in your sleep will not harm you”.

[1] A staunch enemy of Islam
[2] Saheeh Al-Bukhari
[3] Saheeh Al-Bukhari
[4] Saheeh Muslim
[5] Saheeh Al-Bukhari

Previous: Dreams (part 1 of 2): Am I Dreaming?

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